Vuasu Review and Livelihoods and Leadership Strengthening Workshop July 2014

About the workshop

The Vuasu Review and Livelihoods and Leadership Strenghthening Workshop was a 3 day workshop co-funded by Hivos (for the review and livelihoods) and Tutunze Kahawa Limited (for leadership and governance). This was the first workshop after the withdrawal of Tutunze’s commercial operations in Kilimanjaro and was intended as a workshop to strengthen the capacity of the Vuasu GALS champions to continue the GALS process independently from TKL.

The workshop was co-facilitated by Linda Mayoux and Grace Murungi.

Participants were

8  original champions (5 women and 3 men) from the GALS Catalyst workshop:

Vuasu Operations Manager (man):

2 new and active champions (man and woman):

  • Paulin
  • ??

Participant expectations

for the training  were to:

  •  develop further skill in GALS tools in order to train other people
  •  learn to facilitate better and reach out to other people
  •  learn livelihood tools to expand business and start new business ventures
  •  be trained in good leadership skills in order to make changes in their communities

From the expectations above participants were divided after the Multilane Highway review into two groups:

  • livelihood tools: Hawa, Yona, Khatib, GoodnessPrayGod, Ahadi,  Paulin, ??
  • leadership skills: Lickson, Anna, Elisante and Dina.

Facilitation skills  were reinforced and discussed as the trainings went on, partly through participants facilitating themselves for parts of the time. Some people moved from one group to another to learn as much as they could from each.

Vuasu Review: Day 1 Multilane Vision Journey

The training started with the song of Empowerment Leadership Map (Ni mpango shirikishi) champions started drawing multilane monitoring to track down the changes in their lives and also number of farmers trained in GALS since the first training.

Champions drew a multilane of process since November 2013 when they were trained. The multilane consisted of three lanes on Vision Journey, Gender Balance Tree and Empowerment Leadership Map, following the usual way, the opportunity that helped them to reached the goals and challenges that they face, champion were explained that they continue to plan or to monitor whenever opportunities and challenges emerge. On the multilane, the milestones explained the actions on the three lanes, the milestone were split in quarters depending on champions plans, by July 2014 recorded all what had been achieved and the years target remained at October 2014.

GALS facilitation skills were revised with champions allowing each champion including the new ones to facilitate, applauding, singing and pair wise discussions were part of the training throughout the training session

Livelihoods Strengthening Days 2 and 3 


The participants began by brainstorming individually, then sharing, ideas on possible businesses to diversify their livelihoods. They identified  40 different enterprises,  including:

  1. Clothes enterprises
  2. Wood enterprises
  3. Maize business
  4. Cosmetics enterprises
  5. Seedlings business
  6. Groundnuts selling business
  7. Chicken business
  8. Hair dressing saloon
  9. Restaurant business
  10. Butchery business
  11. Fish selling business
  12. Water selling business
  13. Kiosk (retail shops for household goods)
  14. Pharmaceutical business
  15. Veterinary business
  16. Car selling
  17. Agricultural inputs business
  18. Motorcycle hire business
  19. Grain business
  20. Hard ware business
  21. Cattle fed business
  22. Chicken feed business

Business and coffee trees

Champions were then asked to choose one business that they would really implement when they went home. They were then taught the business tree and drew these for their chosen business, and also for coffee in their notebooks.

Business market map

The group was also trained on market mapping where the champions were asked to identify markets around them, challenges and opportunities were identified on each path, the market mapping was to assist champions to find new markets and look into prices of goods sold in different markets and getting right communication channels.

Business and coffee multilane vision journey

Champions were also trained on coffee business tree multilane where they analyzed income, expenditure and profit, champions realized that coffee is profitable and committed to increase production by practicing good agricultural practices, the coffee multilane is split into the activities of the coffee calendar by monthly .

 Leadership Strengthening Days 2 and 3

Why do you want to be a leader? reflection and visioning

Participants were asked to why they wanted to be leaders. All participants came up with 5 different reasons why they wanted to be leaders. The next step was to draw a good leader, how a good led community would look like, and what does a good leader do? Different drawings came from all the participants explaining qualities of what they thought a good leader is! Discussions came around what they highlighted as qualities of a good leader for example one participants drew a fat man seated in front of thin people giving instructions to them as his car was parked by the side. From different discussions came from the group on what they all agreed as qualities of a good leader:

  • cooperative
  • hard working
  • listens to people
  • visionary
  •  optimistic
  • contributes to the needs of the society
  •  cares for people
  • is a doer
  •  is a good advisor
  •  is a good manager

A leadership song was composed based on the qualities of a good leader and participants were asked to draw in their notebooks qualities of a good leader based on the decided upon qualities.

Leadership Diamond tool

Participants were asked to draw a shaped diamond and two lines were drawn to split and a middle line was drawn, on the left side qualities of a good leader were drawn, and on the right qualities good members were drawn and down wards left side, were qualities of bad leaders and right side qualities of bad members.

After the discussions, the similar qualities of both members and leader were drawn in the middle of the diamond tool; also the bad qualities were changed into positive and drawn in the middle, participants came to a consensus on qualities of both members and leaders.

Consensus on good leadership and good membership

Leader Qualities for both Member
  • Good manager
  • Good implementer
  • Good advisor
  • Good listener
  • Cooperation
  • Hard working
  • Attendance
  • Visionary
  • Responsible
  • Contributor
  • Caring


Organisational governance map

The participants then came together to draw an institutional relationship map of Vuasu and the primary cooperatives. They discussed

  • how the system worked for decision-making and benefits – which decisions are made where and by whom
  • how far leadership was a challenge at the different levels
  • specific barriers to women becoming leaders

The conclusion was that much of the challenge was due to political interference in approval of candidates and into the voting meetings themselves. This meant that even if good people were proposed and accepted their nomination, they could not even be presented for election.

Leadership Vision Journey

After the discussion on the Diamond the champions reviewed their leadership visions and drew their own vision journey for leadership in their community and/or cooperative.

Vuasu Catalyst Workshop November 2013

The Catalyst workshop was attended by 20 participants from five of the Vuasu Primary Cooperatives.

District Cooperative Male Female Total
Same district Gandu 3 3 6
Bwambo 3 3 6
Chome 3 2 5
Mwanga district Raa 1 1
*Vuchama 1 1
Total   11 9 20


The workshop was facilitated by Linda Mayoux with co-facilitation by Grace Murungi and the executive director (Paineto Baluku) and four champions (Asasio Balitabya, Floris, Doviko and Faith) from Bukonzo Joint Cooperative Union. The champions from Bukonzo Joint presented their experience with GALS.

The workshop was held  from 8:30am  to 6/7PM daily – starting and ending with a song.

Day 1 and day 2 morning: Vision Journey

(drawing visions and sharing them in the soul mate exercise). Followed by planning how to achieve one of the elements of the vision using the Vision Journey tool Participants watched theGALS DVD on Bukonzo Joint and listened to the presentation by BJ with questions and answers.

Day 2 afternoon and day 3 morning: Gender Balance Tree

was introduced by BJ. Participants then drew the Gender Balance Tree in their own notebooks and identified the changes that they would like to make. Drawing individual diagrams in their exercise books; making songs for Vision Journey and Gender Balance Tree.

Day 3 morning and day 4: Empowerment Leadership Map

with assistance from BJ. At the same time Linda took the Cooperative leaders to show them the Challenge Action Tree tool that they could use in their meetings and explain the participatory process involved. The group decided to use the tool to examine the problem of alcohol addiction that affect about 42% of the men in their communities.


Upscaling plan for GALS in Same (and Mwanga) district

 Where/Who they will train Rural Cooperative Societies
Chome Gandu Bwambo Total
Neighbours 12 12
Spouse 3 3 20 26
Government personnel 5 5
Church 15 10 18 43
Cooperative 12 12
Children 9 9
Friends 18 18
Market 13 13
Savings & credit 37 11 30 78
Restaurant 35 35
Wedding/Events 10 10
Total 113 45 103 261


Day 5: Preparation and Final Presentation of how the champions will take the methodology back home and the final 3 songs to District Executive Direction and Nangula from Tutunze.


Same Exchange Workshop February 2013

A Champions Exchange Workshop was held in February 2013 to review experience and progress on visions, gender balance and sharing the GALS methodology since the catalyst workshops in November 2013.   This brought together:

  • champions from each of the Vuasu Primary Cooperatives – they cannot normally meet as a group because of very large distances between each of the cooperatives
  • champion representatives from the CMS Mbinga Ngima process: Lucas Ndunguru and Joseph Mbepera

In addition there was a parallel Hivos GALS network international capacity building for partners in Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda thinking of introducing GALS so that they could learn the methodology directly from the champions already implementing in their communities.

Tools used

The workshop reviewed the vision and gender balance fruits on existing diagrams and quantified the existing outreach. Total direct outreach by the original champions was 230 for Same (20 community champions) and 174 for Mbinga (10 community champions). Or average of 1:10 outreach in 3-4 months.

February 2014 estimated direct outreach figures for Same and Mbinga.
February 2014 estimated direct outreach figures for Same and Mbinga.

The workshop also introduced some new tools:

Coffee livelihood tree

Coffee Livelihood Tree

Challenge Action Trees for peer sharing

Group 1 tree showing the challenges and actions for increasing peer sharing.
Group 1 tree showing the challenges and actions for increasing peer sharing.
Group 2 tree showing the challenges and actions for increasing peer sharing.
Group 2 tree showing the challenges and actions for increasing peer sharing.






At the end of the workshop the chair and vice chair of the Vuasu Board presented the Vuasu Vision Journey for the Cooperative Union that had been developed in the Vuasu Organisational Planning Workshop. This then enabled discussion of exactly who in which cooperative would do what to start and more forward.

Vice Chair of Vuasu presents the Vuasu Vision Journey Plan.
Vice Chair of Vuasu presents the Vuasu Vision Journey Plan.

Vuasu Organisational Planning Workshop February 2013

An Organisational Planning Workshop was held for the Vuasu Board in February 2013, facilitated by Linda Mayoux and Grace Murungi.  This half day workshop was attended by all the members of the Vuasu Union Board (currently all-male) and three Vuasu staff.  It used  GALS tools to produce a vision and strategic plan for Vuasu through:

  • Starting with the Same Vision Journey Song
  • Pairwise Introduction on expectations of GALS and the workshop
  • Soulmate Visioning activity for the Cooperative – what would the board see as the vision for contribution of the cooperative to the community – not just in terms of coffee, but also relationships within households and the community
  • Vision Journey introduction by Elisante and explanation of how it can be adapted for organisational planning by Linda.
  • Closing Vision Journey Song.

The vision developed by the Board members themselves was very explicit in its aim for gender equality in membership an in representation on the currently all male board.  There was very little intervention from Linda or Grace into this discussion.






The Vision Journey developed by the Board in follow-up meetings specifies a timetable for promoting cooperative membership for women. Practical measures include sending personal letters of invitation to wives as well as husbands. And removing any barriers to multiple household memberships in the cooperative.

Since February 2014 there have been nominations and invitations to women members to join the Board.