The basic principle of PALS is that people need to really value their learning, and that money should not be wasted producing thousands of manuals and toolkits given out for free that people do not use. Only the first champions are given notebooks. Then in the peer sharing process other people buy their own.
One idea developed in Tanzania and Kenya as part of the Hivos galsatscale process, and currently being considered for Ethiopia, were simple notebooks for the champions to sell.
Champions would receive notebooks with the core tools and information printed on the front and inside cover at cost price. These would be of varying quality and price to on-sell at market price to people in their peer sharing network, schools etc. Based on a market assessment by the champions. The margin being then used as a community fund for eg savings and credit seed money, women’s rights, youth work etc. As also decided by the champions.
1) to give the champions a means of attracting more people into their network once they have got sufficient experience with training and facilitation. It also enhances champions’ status and makes the methodology more visible and ‘official’. It is also a way of recruiting more active champions who then also on sell and maintaining the core messages.
2) to increase promotion and outreach of the main gender/youth messages and the tools to a very large number (thousands) of people to start to bring them into the system and motivate them to learn more. In Tanzania focusing on schools for example led to potential outreach of thousands just in one community. In both Kenya and Tanzania the focus is also on private sector and cooperatives as part of Good Agricultural Practices technical training.
3) to create a sense of common community – notebooks can be updated and reprinted each year with photos and/or contacts/names of ‘top ten champions’ as a means of social recognition.
4) to bring children into the system as an entry point to their parents. If children use the books and colour in their own visions, share these with parents, who then also do theirs, then this is also a way of consolidating relationships in the family bringing in fathers as well as mothers.
5) to build up community funds – people pay for the notebooks, but the money does not go back to the provider but into a transparent community fund. Maintaining the principle of ‘no free lunch’, but making sure that the lunch money is collected for common benefit.
6) to promote the contacts of lead persons who can be hired in further replication in other organisations, and also ethical branding for national and international organisations in the process.
The printing is only on the cover, both sides and back and front so 4 pages. These would be a combination of:
short development messages eg Women’s Rights in CEDAW on back cover
pictures and short steps of the 4 main tools in that process on the inside of the cover 2 at the front and 2 at the back. In Tanzania people were literate so very short Swahili text was given. That would also be appropriate for eg schoolbooks. Where people cannot read and write the the pictorial tool steps can be shown. But the aim is just to remind people of the basics so they do their own drawings on the other pages, but also still have the standard main steps to share with others to whom they may sell notebooks.
contact and organisational information, maybe list of top 10 women and men champions, and logos and contacts of sponsor organisations.
standard boxes for person’s name etc.
Discussion with champions in Tanzania and with printers indicate that this would be viable if the scale of on-selling is large enough to do a bulk order of over 10,000 books with one design. This would be possible with promotion through schools and coops.
It is the best use also of any project money for materials – instead of more glossy toolkits you can reach many thousands and encourage self-reliant learning.
Different versions at different prices can be produced – for example very cheap black and white colouring books on different coloured covers for the very basic messages and then more glossy ones for livelihood tools when people are ‘hooked’ on the methodology.
In Tanzania people said the most popular notebooks would be ones that were specific to different communities eg with pictures of a local landmark. But these would also be more expensive to produce. A combination of the following were developed:
1a) Deluxe full colour with photos of the villages and champions and catalyst tools outside and inside the cover.
small size. These would be relatively expensive and need to be subsidised either by the printer as part of their CSR and/or by the private sector company as part of their brand promotion – with both the logos on. That is the preferred option for the champions.
1b) Counterbook size with all the tools on the back cover. This would reduce printing costs but maybe smaller market. Maybe do one of these for the whole process with pictures from all the locations.
1c) Use this for the livelihood rather than the basic tools. Once people have been attracted to the system through the cheap standard notebooks.
2a) Cheap standard notebook with just one (black) or two (green or red and black) on cheap paper
This could be used as a colouring-in book as a more active experience. That would be very good for eg promotion for school children – maybe promoted in a school class by a teacher from the process. This could be available at the same price as other school exercise books.
2b) A counterbook or A4 version could also be done with all the tools just on the back cover.
3) Calendar format
Another option considered was to design calendars eg with a Multilane Plan and some photos of champions instead of the standard corporate calendars that companies and organisations give out.
Market research needs to be done with champions based on what they think people will buy, but also including printers to advise on types of paper, colours and types of images to put together something that is both impactful and cost-efficient. This needs to be sustainable in the longer term – once the first market push creates demand.
Need to understand the literacy levels of proposed customers and produce different versions.
Notebooks are not a substitute for proper peer sharing – handing a notebook to someone for them to buy is not sufficient. This would need to be made clear to the champions, and also people buying them.
How would the pre-financing be arranged between the implementing organisation, private companies/coops and champions?
Chama cha Msingi Gandu Gandu Primary Society, Hedaru, Same, Kilimanjaro Mimi ni Champion VERONICA MCHOME kata ya Hedaru Wilaya ya Same Mkoa Kilimanjro.Nchi yangu Tanzania.
Mimi ni champion wa Chama cha Msingi GANDU VUASU. I am Veronica Mchome a champion at Gandu Primary society at Vuasu which is located at Hedaru ward, Same district in Kilimanjaro region Mimi niliingia mafunzo ya GALS na kuna mambo ambayo nimefanya baada ya kufundishwa. Nilipoanza mafunzo haya nimetimiza mwaka mmoja katika mafunzo haya GALS.
It has been one year since I received GALS training, and I have started applying some of the training already. Ndani ya mafunzo haya nilikutana na fursa na changamoto.Na katika mafunzo haya nimeyapenda kwasababu yamenifundisha mgao wa bajeti katika familia yangu. I like these trainings because have taught me to budget resources in my family. Pia mafunzo haya ni mazuri kwani ni ya mgao katika malengo ya familia zetu na mambo ambayo nimefanya niliona nipange kazi zangu katika miezi mine (4), nilianza na kulima Maharagwe gunia 1 nikapata shs. 50,000/=.Nikaamua nianzishe Biashara ya nguo, ndani ya miezi minne ya pili niliamua nicheze kikoba.
The trainings are good because they have taught us to have vision in our families. After the training I devided my vision into four months period. During the first four months I harvested one sack of beans from my farm and I sold it at Tsh. 50,000. Following that I started a garments selling business. During the second four months I joined VICOBA Katika kikoba nilicheza kistatila siku ya Jumatano nilikuwa ninatoa shs. 5,000/= kila Jumatano. Nilifurahi sana kwasababu niliweza kupangilia mambo yangu mimi mwenyewe.Katika miezi minne ya pili niliulizwa na wenzangu na nikawafundisha. Every Wednesday I was contributing Tsh. 5000 to VICOBA, I was able to plan well my life.
During the second four months my fellows noticed a change in me so I decided to train them as well. Nilipoanza kuwafundisha niliwafundisha majirani, marafiki na watoto waliopenda kusikiliza mafunzo haya ya GALS. Walifurahia mafunzo haya kwasababu walikuwa hawakujua kupangilia mambo yao vizuri lakini wakajua. I started training my neighbours, friends and some children who were interested in listening GALS training. They were all very happy because they learnt to plan, something they never knew. Na katika miezi minne ya mwisho nilipanga katika miaka 3 nitapata TShs.250, 000/= na hapa nilipo katika mwaka wa kwanza nikapata TShs.135, 000/= nilifurahi kwasababu mipango yangu itafikia malengo bila shida. Pia Tshs 135,000/= ni pamoja na kuvuna kikoba. During the last four months I set another plan that, for three years I will save Tsh. 250,000. Am in the first year of my plan and I have already saved Tsh. 135,000 from all sources including VICOBA Mimi nimeona kwamba kupitia mafunzo haya nimeyaona ni mazuri kwani nimepata mabadiliko kwa muda muafaka na pia wale niliyowafundisha walipata mabadiliko kwa muda muafaka kwa ujumla.
Through this training I have observed positive changes both to me and the ones I have trained Kwahiyo tunatarajia kubadilika zaidi kupitia mfumo huu wa mafunzo haya kwasababu yametuwezesha kufahamu umuhimu wa usawa wa jinsia. So we expect to see more positive changes through this training because we now know the importance of gender equality.
MUHTASARI WANGU KABLA NA BAADA YA KUPATA ELIMU YA GALS MY STORY BEFORE AND AFTER GALS TRAINING
Mimi Elinazi Eliapende (Mpole) nimekuwa mkulima mzuri sana wa zao la kahawa tangu mwaka 1981 baada ya kumaliza elimu ya msingi. I Elinazi Eliapende (Mpole) have been a very good coffee farmer since 1981 upon completion of my primary education
Idadi ya miti yangu ya kahawa ni 700 wastani wa kilo ninazopata tangu 1981-2014 ni 1700kgs. Nimeendelea kuwa mkulima hadi mwaka 2012 nilipochaguliwa kuwa Mkulima Kiungo. Mafunzo niliyopata kwa kampuni ya TUTUNZE KAHAWA LTD. Ambapo baada ya kumaliza mafunzo na kuhitimu nilipatiwa cheti toka TaCRI, nilifaidika na mafunzo hayo kwa kuyatumia kwenye shamba langu pamoja na kuwafundisha wakulima wengine katika kikundi change ambao pia waliyatumia mashambani na kufaidika,kabla ya mafunzo hayo nilikuwa nikilima bila malengo bila utaalamu kwa hiyo mavuno yalikuwa kidogo bali sasa ninavuna mavuno mengi na bora. Jumla ya wakulima niliowafundisha na kubadilika ni 27.
I have 700 coffee trees, since 1981-2014 I harvest an average of 1700kg of coffee. I was selected to be a promoter farmer in 2012 through trainings offered by TUTUNZE KAHAWA LTD. After completing the training I was awarded a certificate by TaCRI. Before the training I did not follow good agricultural practices thus harvest were few of low quality. After applying what was trained harvests have improved a lot in terms of quality and quantity. I also trained other farmers both individuals and groups and amoung them 27 have seen a positive change.
ELIMU YA GALS GALS TRAINING
Mnamo mwaka 2012 ndipo nilipopata Elimu (Mafunzo) ya GALS .Mafunzo haya yamenisaidia sana kwani yamenielimisha kuweka malengo kuyafanyia kazi kwa michoro. Elimu hii niliipata kwa mara ya kwanza toka kwa Ndugu Lickson Samwel ambaye alinitia moyo, kunifundisha kuweka malengo hadi kuwa na mafanikio makubwa ndipo nilipoanza ufugaji wa kuku 60,ng’ombe 2 na sasa kondoo 2 On 2012 I received GALS training from Mr. Lickson Samwel who encouraged me to have vision and draw them in a paper. Through this I managed to start livestock keeping and now I have 2 cows, 2 sheeps and 60 chickens.
AINA YA MAFUNZO NILIYOPATA THE TRAINING I RECEIVED
Ndoto yangu My dream
Michoro kuonyesha mti wa usawa wa jinsia Gender equality tree drawings
Michoro kuonyesha uwezeshaji jamii(kuwafikia wengine) Community mobilization drawings (how to reach others)
Michoro kuonyesha – Mti wa malengo Vision tree drawings
Michoro kuonyesha – Mti wa mafanikio Succees tree drawings
Mchoro kuonyesha – Mti wa Biashara Business tree drawings
Mchoro konyesha – ramani ya masoko Markets map drawings
MAFUNZO MENGINE NI OTHER TRAINING
Kiongozi Bora – Uongozi Leadership
Mti wa uzalishaji Production tree
FAIDA NILIYOPATA ADVANTAGES
Nimeonyesha ndoto na kuweka mipango ya kuitimiza I have examine my dreams and set ways to reach them
Nilikuwa natawala familia lakini sasa ninaongoza kwa msaada wa usawa wa jinsia I was bossing my family nowadays I lead it by following gender equality
Nilikuwa najifunza mwenyewe bali sasa nawafundisha wengine I train other community memebers
Sikuwa na malengi ya kazi bali sasa naweka malengo na kujitahidi kuyafikia I had no vision, nowadays I set visions and ways to reach them
Kuonyesha mafanikio kwa kuchora kama ufugani nk Through drawings I can illustrate my success
Kugundua mbinu za kupata masoko na kuyafikia. To discover new methods to get markets
Kuendela kujifunza zaidi kuboresha elimu na kuwafikia wengi zaidi ili kuwapatia elimu hii na kuleta mabadiliko katika uzalishaji wa zao la kahawa pamoja na maisha kwa ujumla katika jamii. To keep on learning and train other community members in order to improve coffe production and life as a whole
Wakulima wote niliowafundisha wamebadilika katika uzalishaji na maisha ya kifamilia na kuwa na ushirikiano.Nilifundisha watu 27 .Wanaume 15 na Wanawake 12. I have trained a total of 27 farmers (15 male and 12 female), they all have improved farm production and family teamwork
Matarajio yangu nikiwezeshwa kupata Usafiri na posho ninakusudia kuwafundisha watu wengi zaidi Kijiji hadi Kijiji – Kata hadi Kata na Wilaya hadi Wilaya na kuanzia elimu hii ndani na nje ya Tanzania.Ili kufikia watu wengi zaidi ya 50,000 na kuleta mabadiliko. I expect to reach and train 50,000 people and more in different villages, wards, districts and even other countries if I will be given transport allowance and per diem.
PAMOJA TUJENGE UCHUMI. TOGETHER WE BUILD THE ECONOMY
Mimi naitwa Iddy Mchome,Nimezaliwa mwaka 1975 nimesoma darasa la saba 1999, Sekondari mwaka 2004, kazi kwa sasa mi ni mjasiriamali.
Mafunzo nilipata katika shirika la Swis contact juu ya vicoba na tukaelimisha watu jinsi ya kuungana pamoja na kuunda mfumo wa kuweka na kukopeshana.
I am Iddy Mchome, born in 1975. Finished primary education in 1999 and secondary education in 2004, am entrepreneur.I received training on village cooperative bank (VICOBA) through SWIS CONTACT, from then I started training people on how to build the system of saving and loans.
Malengo makubwa yalikuwa ni kuwawezesha wakulima wadogo wadogo kusaidiana. Kwasasa tumefikia kuunda vikundi vinne(4) lengo lingine tuliona tuwashirikishe sana kina mama kwani kina mama wengi wa vijijini wana kipato duni sana ukilinganisha na kina mama wa mjini.
Baadhi ya wakina mama wamefanikiwa kubadilisha maisha yao kwa kusomesha watoto kuinua uchumi wao na biashara na pia kubadilisha mfumo mzima wa maisha yao kwa ujumla na kwa sasa tuna tarajia kuunda vikundi (10) hadi mwaka 2016.
The main plan was to help small scale farmers help each other. As for now we have managed to build four groups. Another plan was to involve women since many village women have low income compared to women from urban areas.
Some of the women have benefited from this by advancing their life, sending children to school, starting small business and develop economically. We have planned to establish new 10 groups by 2016
MAFUNZO YA GALS GALS TRAINING
Nilifanikiwa kupata mafunzo ya GALS kuanzia mwaka 2013 baada ya kupata mafunzo hayo kwanza nilifahamu nini ndoto yangu ni njia ipi ambayo itaniwezesha kukamilisha malengo yangu baada ya kupata elimu, kwanza maisha yangu yalibadilika kutoka nyumba ya vyumba viwili hadi kuwa nyumba ya vyumba 4 na vyoo ndani , baada ya hapo nilifanikiwa kutembelea baadhi ya vikundi mbalimbali kutoa elimu na baadhi ya vikundi vimetambua umuhimu wa mafunzo ya GALS.
I was lucky to receive GALS training in 2013. After this training my dreams and ways to attain them were revealed. Through applying the training my life have changed in a positive way, for instance I moved from a 2 rooms house to a 4 bedrooms self contained house. I visited some VICOBA groups and trained them on GALS as well
Ndoto yangu mimi nikutoa elimu kwa kila kaya juu ya ushirikishwaji wa kina mama kupata hati miliki ya nyumba mali pamoja na mambo mengine kwani kina mama wengi wa kiafrica mume anapotangulia familia iliyobakia inanyanyaswa sana. My dream is to educate each household on the importance of women to own house tittle deeds and shared properties, because most African women undergo a lot of discrimination when their husbands die.
Matarajio yangu kwa kushirikiana na muwezeshaji wa GALS tutaona umuhimu wa kuelimisha jamii juu ya umuhimu wa kumshirikisha mama juu ya hati miliki, baada ya hapo mimi nina washukuru sana GALS na nitakuwa tayari kushirikiana nao katika mafunzo mbali mbali pale nitakapohitajika kwani jamii ya watu wengi bado wanahitaji kuelimishwa. By cooperating with As GALS trainer, I expect to train community on the impontace of involving women on owning house title deeds. Moreover I am grateful to GALS crew, and I wil be available for other training whenever needed because community members still neeed to be educated.
Nicolaus Abraham ni mmoja wa wanachama wa GALS ambao mliwafundisha, katika ndoto yake kwa mwaka 2014 ni kujenga nyumba yake ya vyumba vitatu na sebule katika ndoto yake alikuwa na nyumba ya vyumba viwili.Lakini kabla hajapata mafunzo ya GALS hakuwa na mpango wa kujenga nyumba nyingine kwa mwaka 2014.Baada ya kupata mafunzo haya aliamua kubomoa na kujenga nyumba nyingine ya vyumba vitatu na sebule kwa mwaka 2014 baada ya mafunzo. Ili kutimiza ndoto yake.
Nicolaus Abraham is one of the GALS champions. His dream of 2014 is to build a house with three bed rooms and a living room, in reality he has a two rooms house. Before receiving GALS training he had no plans of building a house on 2014. After the training he decided to build his dream house of three bedrooms and a living room on 2014 in order to live his dream.
MALENGO, FURSA NA CHANGAMOTO VISION, OPPORTUNITY AND CHALLENGES
MALENGO: Ni kutoka Kwenye vyumba viwili hadi kufikia vyumba vitatu na sebule ya kisasa katika barabara ya malengo alikuwa na fursa zifuatazo:
VISION: To move from a two rooms house to a three bedrooms and living room house, towards working on his plan he had the following opportunities:
(a) Ng’ombe 2 2 cows
(b) Kuku 20 20 chicken
(c) Fedha Money 3,500,000 3,500,000/=
(d) Kilimo cha maharagwe ekari 3 3 acres of beans farm
(e) Kilimo cha fiwi ekari 2 2 acres of lablab farm
(F) Kilimo cha mahindi ekari 3 3 acres of maize farm
Ilikufikia barabara ya malengo itakayomfikisha Kwenye ndoto yake fursa hizi alizigawanya katika vipindi vitatu Kama ifuatavyo: in order to work on his plan to make him live his dream, these opportunities were devided on three timelines as follows:
MWEZI WA TATU – MWEZI WA SITA MARCH-JUNE
Aliuza ng’ombe moja kwa thamani ya Tshs Laki tano na ishirini elfu (520,000/=).Mwezi wa tatu hadi wa sita akauza tena kuku watano kwa thamani ya Tshs.75,000/=. Mwezi huo huo wa tatu hadi wa sita katumia Fedha ya ziada Tshs. 2,095,000/= (Milioni mbili na tisini na tano elfu).
Between March and June he sold one cow at a price of Five hundred and twenty thousands shillings (TSH. 520,000/=), five chicken at TSH. 75,000/= and spent TSH 2,095,000 from his personal savings.
MWEZI WA SITA – MWEZI WA TISA JUNE-SEPTEMBER
Alitumia fursa zake kama ifuatavyo: He used his opportunities as follows
Feza za akiba million 1,000,000 Personal savings TSH. 1,000,000
Maharagwe gunia tano 750,000 5 sacks of beans TSH. 750,000
Fiji gunia 3 kwa shs 380,000 3 3 sacks of lablab TSH. 380,000
Mahindi hakufanikiwa kuvuna He did not harvest any maize
Hivyo kwa mwezi wa sita hadi wa tisa alifanikiwa kupata takribani Tshs 2,130,000/= (Milioni mbili na laki moja na thelathini elfu). Therefore between June and September he was able to collect approximately TSH. 2,130,000
MWEZI WA TISA HADI WA KUMI NA MBILI SEPTEMBER TO DECEMBER
1) Alitumia akiba ya shs 1,000,000 He used his personal savings TSH.1,000,000
2) Ng’ombe moja shs 610,000 He sold 1 cow at TSH. 610,000
Jumla 1,610,000 Total 1,610,000
Hivyo Jumla alipata Tshs milioni na laki sita na elfu kumi.
Katika barabara ya malengo alikusudia kujenga nyumba yenye thamani ya milioni kumi na tatu na laki tano. Lakini kwa awamu tatu alifanikiwa kupata milioni sita laki nane na elfu thelathini na tano.Hivyo mgawanyo wake ni kama ifuatavyo: He planned to build a house worth TSH 13,500,000. However for the first phase he managed to collect TSH 6,835,000, thus he devided it as follows:
Mwezi wa tatu hadi wa sita boriti 1,360,000
Mwezi wa sita hadi wa tisa tofali 400 800,000
Mwezi wa tatu hadi wa sita bati 45 675,000
Mwezo wa tisa mawe tani 3 500,000
Mwezi wa tisa hadi wa kumi na mbili ujenzi 1,000,000
Fundi kupaua 500,000
Frem milango na madirisha 400,000
Shata mlangoni na dirishani 502,000
March to june boroti 1,360,000
From June to September he bought 400 bricks 800,000
From March to June he bought 45 iron sheets 675,000
On September he bought 3 tones of stones 500,000
September to December he paid for construction 1,000,00
Payment to roofing technician 500,000
Doors and windows frames 400,000
Door and windows shutters 502,000
Katika barabara ya malengo alipata changamoto ambazo hakuweza kufikia malengo yake nazo ni: the following were the challenged he encountered as he was implementing his plan
Shule School fees
Magonjwa ya Mifugo Livestock diseases
Mpango wake ni kumalizia nyumba yake kwa mwaka 2015 kwa fursa nyingine zilizobaki na kuongeza kilimo kama hali ya hewa itakua nzuri. His plan was to finish building his house by 2015 by utilizing other remaining opportunities and increasing energy in agriculture if drought will not strike.
MTI WA JINSIA GENDER TREE
KAZI ANAZOFANYA YEYE KAMA BABA NI TASK HE DOES AS A FATHER ARE
Ufugaji wa Ng’ombe Livestock keeping
Kilimo cha fini tambarare
Kukata kuni na kuzipasua na kuuza preparing and seeling firewood
Kupika tofali making bricks
Uchomaji wa Tofali
KAZI ANAZOFANYA MAMA YEYE MWENYEWE TASKS MOTHER DOES ON HER OWN